Sion - VS - Cathédrale

Jean-Baptiste Carlen | 1786 | Restored in 1988

  1. Principal – 16′
  2. Principal – 8′
  3. Suavial – 8′
  4. Flûte conique – 8′
  5. Bourdon – 8′
  6. Octave – 4′
  7. Flûte ouverte – 4′
  8. Grande Tierce
  9. Nazard – 3′
  10. Superoctave – 3′
  11. Flageolet – 2′
  12. Tierce – 1 3/5′
  13. Fourniture IV – 2′
  14. Cymbale IV – 1 1/3′
  15. Grand Cornet V – 8′
  16. Trompette – 8′
  17. Clairon – 4′

  1. Bourdon – 8′
  2. Prestant – 4′
  3. Flûte à cheminée – 4′
  4. Quinte – 2 2/3′
  5. Doublette – 2′
  6. Flûte – 2′
  7. Tierce – 1 3/5′
  8. Larigot – 1 1/3
  9. Cymbale IV – 1′
  10. Cromorne – 8′
  11. Voix humaine – 8′

  1. Bourdon – 16′
  2. Principal – 8′
  3. Bourdon – 8′
  4. Salicional – 8′
  5. Voix céleste – 8′
  6. Octave – 4′
  7. Flûte bouchée – 4′
  8. Flûte – 2′
  9. Plein-jeu IV
  10. Cornet III – 2 2/3′
  11. Basson – 16′
  12. Trompette harmonique – 8′
  13. Hautbois – 8′

  1. Contrebasse – 16′
  2. Soubasse – 16′
  3. Quinte – 10 2/3′
  4. Flûte – 8′
  5. Mixture – 5 1/3′
  6. Prestant – 4′
  7. Bombarde – 16′

The key and pedal actions are entirely mechanical, including all the couplers.

Couplers : III-II, I-II, III-P, II-P, I-P

Read the description of the organ

THE GREAT ORGAN OF THE CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE-DAME DU GLARIER IN SION

During the course of the recent restoration and reconstruction works of the great organ of the cathedral, which were undertaken in 1987, an inscription on an ancient pipe was found:

ANNO 1786 CASPER CARLEN

GOMESIA RECKIGEN

This is undoubtedly the date of construction of the oldest sound material that is still present in the current organ. The organ case probably dates back from the same period.

Over successive generations, the original instrument (Great organ/Choir organ/Pedal organ) had to undergo some operations, from both the acoustic and technical – action and soundboards ­– standpoints.

Among others, mention must be made of the considerable work undertaken by Joseph Merklin (1819-1905) in 1874, towards the romantic aesthetic which was then burgeoning. He retained the slider chests, refurbished the mechanical action, the stop action, the manuals and the pedalboard. He emptied the choir organ and transferred its soundboard to a new Swell Organ located behind the case of the Great Organ, thus activated by the secondary manual. The front of the original Choir organ’s case was retained with a silent façade, for more than a century.

Altogether, Merklin replaced seven ancient stops. The modified instrument worked for some forty years. In 1912, the Chapter of the cathedral’s canons then mandated the organ builder Henri Carlen from Glis (Valais) to completely transform the organ (with the addition of a third manual), which involved introducing the pneumatic tube action and setting up numerous stops. At the same time, the gallery was expanded and braced, and the case was made larger.

The restoration and reconstruction works were entrusted to the Füglister manufactory in Grimisuat and were carried out in agreement with the Swiss Federal Commission for Historical Monuments. Three manuals were built (Great organ, Choir organ, Swell organ, Pedal organ) and the original dimensions of the cases were restored. The works were completed in 1988. All the reusable materials from the Carlens and from Merklin were incorporated in the new composition.